| Newspaper Reporting
newspaper printing is a rather unusual activity since each day the newspaper
material is prepared anew. Newspaper includes editorial board work the
following functions: getting the right news, writing it in the form of an
article, selection of the best items for the print, and desplaying the selected
copy in the paper.
these tasks are performed by journalists, editors and rewrite men,
photographers and makeup editors responsible for the issue of the paper.
the newspaper reporting starts with collecting information for the paper.
However, journalism does not stop here. Newspapers and magazines publish a
great deal of stories, not only news items or political stories, for example,
stories of humourous or some other type. Such essay-type articles may be called
human interest stories. Besides, newpapers carry many items on sports,
personalities of today as well as stories on science, art and technology.
| Scientific and technological progress
|Scientific and technological progress
difficult to overestimate the role of science and technology in our life. They
accelerate the development of civilization and help us in our co-operation with
nature. Scientists investigate the laws of the universe, discover the secrets
of nature, and apply their knowledge in practice improving the life of people.
compare our life nowadays with the life of people at the beginning of the 20th
century. It has changed beyond recognition. Our ancestors hadn't the slightest
idea of the trivial things created by the scientific progress that we use in
our every day life. I mean refrigerators, TV sets, computers, microwave ovens,
radio telephones... They would seem miracles to them that made our life easy,
comfortable and pleasant.
the other hand, the great inventions of the beginning of the 20th century, I
mean radio, airplanes, combustion and jet engines have become usual things and
we can't imagine our life without them.
Виконала учениця 9-В классу Кожушана Даша
Кушугумська спеціалізована школа І-ІІІ ступенів
— капелюх з шовкового плюшу з невеликими твердими полями — отримав свою назву
завдяки геометричній фігурі. Прообразом циліндра був круглий капелюх з високою
тульей, що з'явився в чоловічій моді ще в XV столітті і що протрималася до
XVIII. Новий головний убір у вигляді «труби» на голові капелюшного торговця
Джона Гетерінгтона став для манірних англійців сенсацією. Тодішні газети
писали: «Дія капелюха на перехожих була жахливою. Багато жінок побачивши цього
дивного предмету позбавлялися відчуття, діти кричали...» А сам Гетерінгтон був
арештований і доставлений до лорда-мера, який за порушення громадського порядку
засудив його до штрафу в 500 фунтів стерлінгів. Проте, ця прогулянка по
лондонській набережній 26 січня 1797 року стала датою народження нового напряму
| Air Pollution in Russia
|Air Pollution in Russia
The quality of
atmospheric air is the most important factor influencing the health, the
sanitary and epidemiological situation. Two thirds of population of our
Federation live in the territories where the pollution level of atmospheric air
does not correspond to the hygienic norms.
The density of
tests of atmospheric air in Russia with the contents of harmful substances is
about 6% of total, so it is in the Altai - 29% and in the Buryatia Republic - 24,6%,
in the Krasnoyarsk Territory - almost 22%, in the Ivanovo - 20, the Kemerovo -
more than 18%, the Ulyanovsk - 16,5% and in the Kaluga Regions - more than 15%.
By the way, the
high level of air pollution in these territories was observed in the last years
Where is the most
polluted air? Just there, where we live and spend the most part of our time -
in the zone of living building if highways there are.
No living organisms are stable. They
are in a continual state of chemical change. All the time that we are alive we
are continually dying and being reborn. About three million of our blood
cell die while we read a sentence, and at the same time three million more
cells are made.
word metabolism is used to signify the chemical changes which take place in
living organisms. By using of suitable measuring instruments it is possible to
follow the blood cells in the body and to find out how long they live. This
work has revealed that the average life of each blood cell is about a
fortnight. Even bones are much less stable than we might expect. It is clear
that since the living body is in a state of constant change, the chemical
changes must be precisely controlled.
now know that each of the many thousands of chemical reactions which take place
in a living body is controlled by a particular enzyme.
| The mathematical sciences
|The mathematical sciences
Rapid growth in the nature and
applications of mathematics means that the Newtonian core - calculus, analysis,
and differential equations - is now just one part of a more diverse
mathematical landscape. Yet most scientists have explored only this
original territory, because that is all that was included in their curriculum
in high school, college, and graduate school. With the exception of statistics,
an old science widely used across all disciplines that has become largely
mathematical during the 20th century, the narrow Newtonian legacy of analysis
is the principal connection between practicing scientists and broad
mathematical foundations of their disciplines.
dramatic changes in the mathematical sciences of the last quarter century are
largely invisible to those outside the small community of research
| Andrei Sakharov
Andrei Sakharov, an outstanding
scientist and public figure, was born on the 21st of May 1921.
He graduated from Moscow University
In 1947 he defended his thesis for
the degree of Candidate of Science.
In 1953 he defended his Doctorate
thesis and was elected member of the Academy of Sciences.
Sakharov played a decisive role in
developing the Soviet hydrogen bomb. While working on the bomb he came to the
conclusion that any atomic and nuclear weapons should be banned.
He fought courageously for human
rights in the former USSR and in 1975 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
His international repute as a
scientist kept him out official, but in 1980 he was deprived of all his titles
and orders and exiled to the city of Gorky. There he continued to work for
peace, justice and human rights.
Only in 1985 Sakharov was allowed to
come back to Moscow. He was given back all his titles and 3 years later he was
elected a deputy of the Supreme Soviet.
| Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie is known all over
the world as the Queen of Crime. She wrote 78 crime novels, 19 plays and 6
romantic novels under the name of Mary Westmacott. Her books have been
translated into 103 foreign languages. She is the third best-selling author in
the world (after Shakespeare and the Bible). Many of her novels and short
stories have been filmed. The Mousetrap, her most famous play, is now the
longest-running play in history.
Agatha Christie was born at Torquay,
Devonshire. She was educated at home and took singing lessons in Paris. She
began writing at the end of the First World War. Her, first novel, The
Mysterious Affair at Styles, was published in 1920. That was the first
appearance of Hercule Poirot, who became one of the most popular private
detectives since Sherlock Holmes.
| Abraham Lincoln
Lincoln was one of the most famous
presidents of the USA. He was born in the family of a poor farmer in 1809 in
Kentucky, but soon his family left for the wild forestland of Indiana. He was
taught reading, writing and simple arithmetic, as his family could not afford
better education. When he was 18, he went to New Orleans and there he saw a
slave market. It made a deep impression on him and he began to hate slavery and
he decided to fight against it.
In 1830 he went to Springfield and
became a clerk in a store. He learned much and greatly improved his knowledge. He
entered politics and in 1832 became a candidate for the Parliament of the
State. Soon he became a force in political life and in 1860 was elected
President of the USA. He was an enemy of slavery.
Some of the Southern States left the
Union, and the war between the South and the North began. At first the war went
badly for the North, but Lincoln never lost his courage and soon they won.
| Geschichte des Euro
Der Euro (€) ist die Währung
der Europäischen Währungsunion (EWWU) und damit gemeinsame offizielle
Währung in 21 europäischen Staaten. 15 dieser Staaten gehören
der EU an. Neben dem US-Dollar ist der Euro die wichtigste Währung der
Welt. Am 1. Januar 1999 wurde der Euro als Buchgeld, drei Jahre später am
1. Januar 2002 erstmals als Bargeld eingeführt. Damit löste der Euro
die nationalen Währungen als Zahlungsmittel ab.
Der Euro als
Der Ursprung des Euro als
einheitliche Währung der EU ist in den Ursprüngen der
Europäischen Union sowie in der globalen Wirtschaftsgeschichte zu suchen.
Einerseits war die realwirtschaftliche Integration mit der Zollunion 1968 schon
weit fortgeschritten, andererseits hatte der Zusammenbruch des
Wechselkurssystems von Bretton Woods zu stark schwankenden Wechselkursen
geführt, die nach Ansicht der Politik den Handel behinderten.
| Аналіз вокальних методик другої половини ХХ століття: на прикаді методичного досвіду І. Прянішникова, В. Луканіна, В. Самарцева
|Аналіз вокальних методик другої половини ХХ століття:
на прикаді методичного досвіду І. Прянішникова, В. Луканіна, В. Самарцева
Магістерська робота За спеціальністю 8.02207 „Музичне
Луганський національний педагогічний університет імені
вітчизняної вокальної школи триває вже майже два століття. За цей час виробився
свій національний стиль співу, що визначається особливостями національної
музики і традиціями виконавської культури. Українські і російські співаки мають
у своєму арсеналі велику кількість технічних прийомів володіння голосом,
передачі художнього образу, сценічної майстерності. Існує немало праць,
вокальних посібників, у яких викладено погляди видатних майстрів вокалу,
сумується їх методичний і методологічний досвід.
вітчизняної вокальної школи цілком справедливо вважається М. Глінка.
| Outstanding personalities of Russia
personalities of Russia
For thousands of years people's mode
of life was primitive. In a short period of time a gigantic leap was made by
people in science and technology to reach the present state of human
development. The world knows the names of many great scientists: chemists,
The Russian inventors and scientists
made the great contribution to the development of world science. It's almost
impossible to name the branch of science in which the Russian inventors haven't
played the greatest role.
M. Lomonosov was one of the most
learnt men in Europe. He was an outstanding inventor both in humanities and
sciences. He founded the first Russian University.
The Great Russian scientist D. Mendeleev
discovered the Periodic Law of Elements. All future discoveries in the field of
chemistry and physics have been based on this law. His discovery made it
possible to find 38 new chemical elements to fill the empty spaces left in the
| Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin on
October 16, I854 His father was a famous Irish surgeon His mother was well
known in Dublin as a writer of verse and prose
At school, and later at Oxford,,
Oscar displayed gift for art and the humanities.
While at the university. Wilde
became one of the most famous personalities of the day: he wore his hair long,
decorated his room with different beautiful things His witty sayings were well
known among the students.
After graduating from the
university. Wilde turned his attention to writing, travelling and lecturing.
Oscar Wilde earned the reputation of
being the leader of the Aesthetic Movement and an apostle of beauty.
His most famous works appeared over
the next ten years. The most popular are The Happy Prince and Other Tales, The
Picture of Dorian Gray, and his comedies Lady Windermere's Fan, An Ideal
Husband, The Importance of Being Earnest.
Wilde also wrote poems, essays, reviews,
To write an essay, concerning the
major human values is not a simple task. Usually, in this case, there is an
option, either to accept author’s point of view or try to challenge it, which
is more difficult.
This is always more difficult to
defend your own belief, than take a point of view of an intelligent person. So,
looking through the articles I tried to find some author’s conclusions that
were rather controversial. After reading the article, which deals with such
value as tolerance, I got rather dual impression. Frankly speaking, I would
name this article in the American way «How to be a really tolerant person».
On the one hand it’s difficult to
disagree that all people are different and we should see them as they are. On
the other hand I don’t think that tolerance is achieved by making an effort not
to harm a different person.
| Youth organizations in Great Britain
in Great Britain
There are about 60 youth
organizations in Great Britain. All youth organizations can be divided into
three large groups: 1. non-political organizations; 2. youth organizations
associated with political parties; 3. youth organizations controlled by
The two largest non-political youth
organizations are the associations of the Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides. There
are about 1300000 boys and girls in them. The membership is voluntary.
The Scout Association was formed in
1908 by General Baden Powell. His idea was to train boys in mapping, signaling,
knotting, first aid and all the skills that would arise from camping and
outdoor activities. Most important of all for a Scout was to make a promise
that he would do his best to do his duty to.
The Boy Scouts had a left-handed
handshake, a special badge and the motto “Be Prepared”.
Literature is the art of written
works. Literally translated, the word means "acquaintance with
letters" (from Latin littera letter). In Western culture the most basic
written literary types include fiction and non-fiction
The word "literature" has
different meanings depending on who is using it. It could be applied broadly to
mean any symbolic record, encompassing everything from images and sculptures to
letters. In a more narrow sense the term could mean only text composed of
letters, or other examples of symbolic written language (Egyptian hieroglyphs,
for example). An even more narrow interpretation is that text have a physical
form, such as on paper or some other portable form, to the exclusion of
inscriptions or digital media. The Muslim scholar and philosopher Imam Ja'far
al-Sadiq (702-765 AD) defined Literature as follows: "Literature is the
garment which one puts on what he says or writes so that it may appear more
| Effects of Divorce On Children and Parents
|Effects of Divorce
On Children and Parents
Records show marriages have been
taking place since the earliest recorded history. Evidence of elaborate
ceremonies joining couples together are present all over the world. Couples
have been joined in a legal contract, for a number of reasons: religious, arraigned
marriages, kinship bonds, pool resources, children, and romantic love. When a
marriage is successful, there are many benefits for the couple, a shared mutual
trust and respect for one another. When the marriage is not working and there
is a break down in communication, common goal or trust, many times this will
result in a divorce. A divorce can be a painful process, even more so if
children are involved.
Divorce is often believed to be
final when the judge declares the two divorced. It is, in fact, a legal
dissolvement of the marriage contract.
| Anton Chekhov
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (January 29
[O.S. January 17] 1860 – July 15 [O.S. July 2] 1904) (Russian: Анто́н Па́влович Че́хов, was a Russian short-story writer and
playwright, considered to be one of the greatest short story writers in world
literature. His playwriting career produced four classics: The Seagull,
Uncle Vanya, Three Sisters, and The Cherry Orchard; and his best short stories
are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Chekhov practised as a
doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful
wife," he once said, "and literature is my mistress."
Chekhov renounced the theatre after
the disastrous reception of The Seagull in 1896; but the play was revived to
acclaim by Konstantin Stanislavsky's Moscow Art Theatre, which subsequently
also produced Uncle Vanya and premiered Chekhov’s last two plays, Three Sisters
and The Cherry Orchard.
The age between 14 and 17 is
considered to be one of the best periods in people's life. Grown-ups remind it
with excitement and tenderness. But most teens wouldn't agree with this opinion
if they were asked. They're sure and that's quite true that they are
overwhelmed with different problems. These problems're quite serious and they
can't be considered trifles.
Teenagers have psycological problems
which can be explained by their psycological instability.This is the reason of
their strange and sometimes agressive behavior. Their agression can be aimed at
their friends, teachers, parents and people around them. If these problems
aren't solved and regulated by experienced specialists, psycologists, teachers
it can lead to far more serious problems.
Drinking and taking drugs have
become the most actual problems of the modern society. As for drinking,
teenagers don't realize the harm it does to their health.
| Поняття і види співучасті у кримінальному праві
|Поняття і види співучасті у кримінальному праві
Курсова робота з дисципліни : Кримінальне право
Виконала студентка III курсу Групи ПД- 3.3 Кіяніцина
Міжгалузевий інститут управління
вчиняються не лише поодинці . Досить часто в одному злочині беруть участь дві
або більше осіб, які діють узгоджено і спрямовують свої дії на досягнення
єдиного результату. У таких ситуаціях виникає питання про співучасть у злочині
- правовий інститут співучасті законодавець визначає у розділі VI “ Співучасть
у злочині “ Загальної частини Кримінального кодексу України ( статті 26-31 ).
співучасті у злочині важливе як у теоретичному так і практичному плані . У
теоретичному, воно актуальне у зв’язку з тим , що його визначення
співвідноситься з реально існуючими видами злочинної діяльності і породжує цілу
низку дискусійних питань .
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