| H. G. Wells
|H. G. Wells
Herbert George Wells (21 September
1866 – 13 August 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer
most famous today for his science fiction novels The Time Machine, The War of
the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Dr
Moreau. He was a prolific writer of both fiction and non-fiction, and produced
works in many genres, including contemporary novels, history, and social
commentary. He was an outspoken socialist, his later works becoming
increasingly political and didactic. Only his early science fiction novels are
widely read today. Wells and Jules Verne are each sometimes referred to as
"The Father of Science Fiction".
George Wells, fourth and last child of Joseph Wells (a former domestic
gardener, and at the time shopkeeper and cricketer) and his wife Sarah Neal (a
former domestic servant), was born at Atlas House, 47 High Street, Bromley, in
the county of Kent.
| P. G. Wodehouse
|P. G. Wodehouse
Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, KBE
(15 October 1881 – 14 February 1975) was a comic writer who enjoyed enormous
popular success during a career of more than seventy years and continues to be
widely read over 30 years after his death. Despite the political and social
upheavals that occurred during his life, much of which was spent in France and
the United States, Wodehouse's main canvas remained that of prewar English
upper-class society, reflecting his birth, education, and youthful writing
An acknowledged master of English
prose, Wodehouse has been admired both by contemporaries such as Hilaire
Belloc, Evelyn Waugh and Rudyard Kipling and by modern writers such as Douglas
Adams, Salman Rushdie and Terry Pratchett. Sean O'Casey famously called him
"English literature's performing flea", a description that Wodehouse
used as the title of a collection of his letters to a friend, Bill Townend.
| William Wordsworth
Born April 7, 1770(1770-04-07)
Cockermouth, England, UK
Died April 23, 1850 (aged 80)
Ambleside, England, UK
Literary movement Romanticism
William Wordsworth (April 7, 1770 –
April 23, 1850) was a major English romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor
Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798
joint publication, Lyrical Ballads.
Wordsworth's masterpiece is
generally considered to be The Prelude, an autobiographical poem of his early
years which the poet revised and expanded a number of times. The work was
posthumously titled and published, prior to which it was generally known as the
poem "to Coleridge". Wordsworth was England's Poet Laureate from 1843
until his death in 1850.
| Virginia Woolf
Born 25 January 1882(1882-01-25)
Died 28 March 1941 (aged 59) near
Lewes, East Sussex, England
Born Adeline Virginia Stephen in
London to Sir Leslie Stephen, considered the father of the Bloomsbury Group,
and Julia Prinsep Stephen (born Jackson) (1846–1895), she was educated by her
parents in their literate and well-connected household at 22 Hyde Park Gate,
Kensington. Virginia's parents had each been married previously, and their
spouses had died. Consequently, the household contained the children of three
marriages: Julia's children with her first husband Herbert Duckworth: George
Duckworth (1868–1934); Stella Duckworth (1869–1897); and Gerald Duckworth
| Ґрунти України
Грунт - це поверхневий шар земної кори, видозмінений
під впливом фізичного, хімічного і органічного вивітрювання.
Це ланка, що зв'язує живу і неживу природу.
Складається з твердих речовин, ґрунтової води, повітря і живих організмів.
Процес утворення ґрунтів пов'язаний з кліматом,
рослинністю, рельєфом, діяльністю мікроорганізмів, мінеральним складом
підґрунтя і працею людини.
Найважливіші морфологічні ознаки ґрунтів: забарвлення,
структура, будова, механічний склад, включення.
Забарвлення - це одна з важливих морфологічних ознак,
за якою деякі ґрунти навіть одержали назву (чорноземи, каштанові, буроземи,
сіроземи). Колір ґрунтів залежить від сполук, що входять до його складу.
Гумусові речовини і сполуки марганцю надають ґрунтам
темного кольору (чорного або сірого), оксиди кремнію, солі кальцію --
світло-білого або ясно-ciporo. Оксиди заліза, залежно від концентрації їх,
забарвлюють у жовтий, коричневий або бурий колір.
| Dangerous profession
As we know labour is honorable duty
of all citizens. Everybody must work for the good of our country as the wealth
of it is created by the labour of all the people. That’s why it is very
important for everybody to work hard all professions in our century are very
useful and important. We have many kinds of different professions.
I consider that the profession of
miner is very hard and dangerous. This profession demands a high level of
manual skill and a certain period of practical training.
Coal is one of the important
resources for our economy. Coal is produced in Donetsk region. There are many
mines there. They are situated under the ground deep over one thousand meters.
The miners are very browe and with fortitude people. They put down deeply under
the ground and work there in hard conditions.
Hundreds of people are perished in
mines for the last year. They always risk of their life.
| About animals
Do you know …
...how long animals live? The animal
which lives the longest life is the tortoise. It sometimes lives between 300
and 400 years. The crocodile can live for 300 years, the elephant and the eagle
– for 100 years.
...that elephants are very good
…that the elephant can pick up a
coin with his trunk? The trunk is everything for the elephant. The elephant can
do with his trunk much of what we do with our hands. It can pick up a man and
put him on his back; then it can pick up and give him a coin which fell from
…that when an elephant grows,
everything grows on it except its eyes?
…about the march of 37 elephants
across the Alps? When Hannibal fought Rome thirty-seven of his elephants made a
march across the Alps covered with ice and snow. We know that his elephants
were African, but Hannibal’s elephants were smaller then the African elephants
| English writers
I like to read books. Literature
helps us to live in this world and we learn a lot from books. Lately
I have been interested in English
literature very much. English books teach us to understand the English language
the way Englishmen speak. Such books as "Romeo and Juliet" by William
Shakespeare help us to understand things which appeared to be very simple in
this life. When I have read this book I have looked at these things on the
other side. And Mark Twain, Reduard Kipling, Agatha Christie.
Their books at times I read at the
night secretly from the parents been covered myself with a blanket. And I can name
Today I will want tell you about
Agatha Christie. Agatha Christie is known all over the world as the Queen of
Crime. She wrote 78 crime novels, 19 plays and 6 romantic novels under the name
of Mary Westmacott. Her books have been translated into 103 foreign languages.
| Frank O'Connor (Irish writer)
One of my favorite authors is Frank
O'Connor. Frank O'Connor is a pseudonym of Michael Odonovan, born in Cork,
Ireland in 1903. He grew up in an Irish provincial town. His published works
include poems, plays, novels, translations, criticism.
Frank O'Connor was a real master of
the short story. He could draw his readers into Irish life, showing his sense
of humour and his compassion for human beings in their loneliness and their
As you know a story's success
depends on how heroes are presented in the story. They can be presented through
the character's actions or their speech; through a physical description and
through the opinions of other characters.
In the Frank O'Connor's book
"The Idealist" the heroes are presented through actions and
conversations. I think that each character must have a special quality that
makes you remember him for a long time. The main hero - Delany - was truthful,
| Dante Alighieri
Alighieri is beyond doubt the greatest of Italian poets, and, many readers
think, one of the greatest poets that Western civilization has produced. W. B.
Yeats called him "the chief imagination of Christendom." T. S. Eliot
said: "Dante and Shakespeare divide the modern world between them. There
is no third."
was born in Florence, Italy, in 1265. Italy in those days was not a united
country, but a collection of mostly small city-states. Feuds and power
struggles between noble families were a constant source of wars between states
and of turmoil and civil war within them. Dante, heir of a poor but noble
family, was one of the seven elected officials in charge of the government of
Florence, when an accidental collision in the street during the May Festival in
1300 led to a brawl that escalated into a civil war that ultimately got Dante's
party overthrown and its leaders (including Dante) exiled from Florence.
| Charles Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin was born on
February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He was the fifth child and second son
of Robert Waring Darwin and Susannah Wedgwood. Darwin was the British
naturalist who became famous for his theories of evolution and natural
selection. Like several scientists before him, Darwin believed all the life on
earth evolved (developed gradually) over millions of years from a few common
From 1831 to 1836 Darwin served as
naturalist aboard the H.M.S. Beagle on a British science expedition around the
world. In South America Darwin found fossils of extinct animals that were
similar to modern species. On the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean he
noticed many variations among plants and animals of the same general type as
those in South America. The expedition visited places around the world, and Darwin
studied plants and animals everywhere he went, collecting specimens for further
| Hillary Rodham Clinton
During the 1992 presidential
campaign, Hillary Rodham Clinton observed, "Our lives are a mixture of
different roles. Most of us are doing the best we can to find whatever the
right balance is... For me, that balance is family, work, and service."
Hillary Diane Rodham, Dorothy and
Hugh Rodham's first child, was born on October 26, 1947. Two brothers, Hugh and
Tony, soon followed. Hillary's childhood in Park Ridge, Illinois, was happy and
disciplined. She loved sports and her church, and was a member of the National
Honor Society, and a student leader. Her parents encouraged her to study hard
and to pursue any career that interested her.
As an undergraduate at Wellesley
College, Hillary mixed academic excellence with school government. Speaking at
graduation, she said, "The challenge now is to practice politics as the
art of making what appears to be impossible, possible.
| Harry S Truman
|Harry S Truman
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri,
in 1884. He grew up in Independence, and for 12 years prospered as a Missouri
He went to France during World War I
as a captain in the Field Artillery. Returning, he married Elizabeth Virginia
Wallace, and opened a haberdashery in Kansas City.
Active in the Democratic Party,
Truman was elected a judge of the Jackson County Court (an administrative
position) in 1922. He became a Senator in 1934. During World War II he headed
the Senate war investigating committee, checking into waste and corruption and
saving perhaps as much as 15 billion dollars.
As President, Truman made some of
the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after V-E Day, the war against
Japan had reached its final stage. An urgent plea to Japan to surrender was
rejected. Truman, after consultations with his advisers, ordered atomic bombs
dropped on cities devoted to war work. Two were Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Japanese surrender quickly followed.
| Elizabeth II, Elizabeth I, Queen Victoria
Elizabeth I, Queen Victoria
2 is the Queen of Great Britain. She was born in Windsor on 21 April 1926. Her full name is
Elizabeth-Mary-Alexander Windsor. Her pet name is Lilibet. She was educated at
home, taught to read and write by her parents. She knew foreign languages. Elizabeth
was made her speech on the radio in 1940. She was learned to drive. She was
married Prince Philip in 1947. Her first son Prince Charles was born in 1948.
She came to throne in 1952. Elizabeth was crowned in Westminster Abbey on 2
Now she plays an important role in
the country. She travels a lot. The Queen has got four children: Prince
Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. She has five official
residences in Britain; Buckingham Palace and Windsor among them.
I'd like to speak about Elizabeth 1
and Queen Victoria. Elizabeth 1 came to throne in 1558.
| President George W. Bush
|President George W. Bush
W. Bush is the 43rd President of the United States. He was sworn into office on
January 20, 2001, re-elected on November 2, 2004, and sworn in for a second
term on January 20, 2005. Prior to his Presidency, President Bush served for 6
years as the 46th Governor of the State of Texas, where he earned a reputation
for bipartisanship and as a compassionate conservative who shaped public policy
based on the principles of limited government, personal responsibility, strong
families, and local control.
Bush was born on July 6, 1946, in New Haven, Connecticut, and grew up in
Midland and Houston, Texas. He received a bachelor's degree in history from
Yale University in 1968, and then served as an F-102 fighter pilot in the Texas
Air National Guard. President Bush received a Master of Business Administration
from Harvard Business School in 1975. Following graduation, he moved back to
Midland and began a career in the energy business.
| Princess Diana
Diana Frances Spencer was born on
July 1, 1961 at Park House, the home her parents rented on the royal family's
estate at Sandringham. As a child she occasionally played with Prince
Andrew and Prince Edward, who were near her in age. Diana had two older
sisters, Sarah and Jane, and a younger brother, Charles.
Diana was six, her mother left her father. The Spencers divorced in 1969, and
Diana's father received custody of the children. In 1975 Diana's father became
the eighth Earl Spencer, making Diana a Lady. Diana and her siblings moved to
Althorp, the Spencer family estate in Northampton.
attended private boarding schools. Although she wasn't an especially good
student, she was excelled at sports, and won trophies for her swimming. She
dreamed of being a ballerina, but grew too tall (as an adult she was
| Martin Luther King Jr.
|Martin Luther King
One of the most visible advocates of
nonviolence and direct action as methods of social change, Martin Luther King,
Jr. was born in Atlanta on 15 January 1929. As the grandson of the Rev. A.D.
Williams, pastor of Ebenezer Baptist church and a founder of Atlanta's NAACP
chapter, and the son of Martin Luther King, Sr., who succeeded Williams as
Ebenezer's pastor, King's roots were in the African-American Baptist church.
After attending Morehouse College in Atlanta, King went on to study at Crozer
Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania and Boston University, where he deepened
his understanding of theological scholarship and explored Mahatma Gandhi's
nonviolent strategy for social change. King married Coretta Scott in 1953, and
the following year he accepted the pastorate at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in
Montgomery, Alabama. King received his Ph.D. in systematic theology in 1955.
| Совместимость и преобразование типов данных
|Совместимость и преобразование типов данных
Курсовой проект по программированию
Составила: Ирина Комарова IT2V
Таллинн 2004 г.
программирования Pascal был разработан в 1968-1971 гг. Никлаусом Виртом в
Цюрихском Институте информатики (Швейцария), и назван вчесть Блеза Паскаля –
выдающегося математика, философа и физика 17-го века. Первоначальная цель
разработки языка диктовалась необходимостью создания инструмента "для
обучения программированию как систематической дисциплине". Однако очень
скоро обнаружилась чрезвычайная эффективность языка Pascal в самых
разнообразных приложениях, от решения небольших задач численного характера до
разработки сложных программных систем - компиляторов, баз данных, операционных
систем и т.п.
| Музейные здания. История и эволюция строительства
|Музейные здания. История и эволюция строительства
– (греч. muséion — место, посвященное музам, храм муз, от músa —
муза) – научные, научно-просветительные учреждения, осуществляющие
комплектование, хранение, изучение и популяризацию памятников естественной
истории, материальной и духовной культуры – первоисточников знаний о развитии
природы и человеческого общества. Музеи сосредоточивают в своих фондах главным
образом предметы вещественные и изобразительные, в том числе произведения
искусства, вместе с тем в них хранятся и письменные источники (рукописные
материалы, печатные документы, книги, от инкунабул до изданий последнего
времени, представляющие историческую ценность).
возникновения музеев как своеобразных общественных институтов, удовлетворяющих
потребности политического, научного, культурного, экономического характера, уходит
в глубокую древность.
are a lot of kinds of art. The example of classical art are the masterpieces of
painting and sculpture which are admired by people at picture galleries and
Recently another kind of art has
appeared. It is cold graffiti and it is favored by the young people
mostly but some grownups like it too.
At first graffiti was considered to
be an example of anti-social behavior, the works of vandal. The first
graffiti appeared on the walls of poor neighbor hoods and subway trains. Very
often the graffiti slogans were unsightly and aggressive.
Many people looks upon graffiti as
the work of vandals that should be punishable by fines. Since those days
graffiti has changed a lot. Nowadays it has a status of street art and you can
get graffiti in unexpected places: for example on toys, on clothes.
One of the graffiti lovers has his
own web-site devote only to the world of graffiti.
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