Children's and Youthful
Criminality in the
In the present information those
opinions which represent the greatest interest for the Soviet reader are short
stated only. In particular, considerable interest is caused by sights of some
the American authors of the reasons of children's and youthful criminality and
about methods with which help, in their opinion, ostensibly it is possible to
achieve decrease in growth of criminality among minors in the
In the majority the American authors
investigating questions of children's and youthful criminality, are far from
disclosing of the valid reasons of criminality among minors. In the
All American authors who are engaged
in research of a problem of children's and youthful criminality in the
Data, available FBI, show that the
crimes of all poisons made in the country in 1954, have increased on 8, 2 % in
If the tendency to growth of
children's and youthful criminality takes place and further the following
generation will witness a result more than 41, 8 million cases of larceny, 15,
8 million burglaries, 7, 4 million automobile thefts, 2 million robberies, 3
million physical violence and more than 200 thousand Americans will appear
killed. Now in the
The children's and youthful
criminality in the
Than so wide development and rise in
crime among minors in the
The children's and youthful
criminality increases during the periods of economic prosperity and falls down
during the depression periods, increases in a preparation time to war and the
war and falls during the world. From here
Some American authors great value in
development of criminality among minors give religions. In their opinion,
disbelief in god — the serious factor influencing growth of children's and
youthful criminality. According to many, on growth of criminality among minors
the great influence is rendered by the comics published in the
The violence and sadism are preached
in many comics. And all it is accompanied by evident illustrations. Under the
influence of one only comics the criminality of minors in the
The part of authors considers
children's and youthful criminality in the
On development of criminality among
minors the great influence renders distribution to the
Absence of effective laws on struggle against spread of drug addiction and the pornographies, poisoning minds and bodies of teenagers, from the point of view of many authors, is one of the serious reasons of children's and youthful criminality in the USA.
Some explain criminality as result bad personal ïðèñïîñîáëÿåìîñòè to environment. The part of authors specifies in overflow of schools, weakness of laws, a wide circulation of cases îñòàâëåíèÿ children parents, public indifference to children who are in a difficult situation, and other circumstances as on social conditions or the reasons which promote growth of criminality among minors.
Sights of the American authors at the reasons of criminality among minors are inconsistent. Some authors consider children's and youthful criminality as result of severe conditions by which the life in slums is characterised. They specify that the families living in these slums, usually very poor, huddle in small rooms. Parents often face the great difficulties connected with unemployment. Therefore in blighted areas almost all possible forms of crimes and defects more often concentrate.
According to other authors, a prevailing sight that young criminals in the majority leave from òðóùîáíûõ areas and poor families, now does not represent the facts. Young criminals leave equally as families with an average or well-founded prosperity, and from families with a low prosperity.
The part of authors asserts that the majority of young criminals is “sick children”. Their opponents categorically deny it. From their point of view, young criminals mentally healthy and physically strong, like all those children who do not make crimes.
Separate researchers a criminality principal cause see in parents. They consider that in most cases crimes are made by children of whom parents do not care or carelessly concern their education. Wrong education of the child in family conditions results, from their point of view, in development of criminal bents in the early childhood, and to liquidate these bents subsequently hardly. If parents carelessly concern education of children, the last go on street and become criminals.
As show the data when the teenager
goes on a crime, it is usually found out that this teenager has been left by
parents to the mercy of fate, of it did not care, conflicts made on it between
parents, drunkenness and any other untoward influences in a family bad impact.
The divorce wide circulation, stiffness in mutual relations between parents, absence
of normal conditions, care and supervision and other abnormalities in family
conditions make considerable impact on growth of criminality of minors in the
A number of authors considers wrong the reasons of children's and youthful criminality to reduce to influence of parents or abnormal relations in a family. They believe that the criminality reason are bad material conditions, lacks of religious education, bad school conditions, the description of violence in films or telecasts etc.
Sights of the American researchers
and at a school role in development of children's and youthful criminality in
A bit different point of view on a
case in point Ernest adheres to O.Melbi (p. 69—71). He agrees that the
discipline at some schools of the
In sights of the authors which
articles are presented in the considered book, has not found the
acknowledgement opinion existing in the
Thus, many American authors studying
children's and youthful criminality, cannot or simply do not wish to open the
main reason of growth of criminality among minor century of the
In struggle against children's and
youthful criminality in the
From the point of view of many, the most effective action which can be undertaken for the control over children's and youthful criminality, education of parents in the spirit of correct performance of the parental duties by them is. For decrease in children's and youthful criminality it is offered to undertake the certain steps directed on strengthening of a family and elimination or, at least, restriction of many conditions, harmful to children, maintenance with councils and the help in family questions, to complicate divorces, to improve the program of entertainments, to strengthen censorship of telecasts, films, etc. As one of actions for struggle against children's and youthful criminality some offer strengthening of responsibility of minor criminals. From their point of view, reform of criminal punishment should bring success in struggle against criminality of minors.
One of the practical actions
ostensibly promoting realisations”the control over children's and youthful
criminality in the
Necessary action in struggle against criminality of minors, from the point of view of separate authors, is the liability of parents for causing of a property damage of a private property by their children. The press disclosing in the press names of those young criminals which commit heavy and repeated crimes, also can make essential impact on parents and force them to give more than attention to behaviour of children.
Many among minors consider as serious action for the prevention of criminality a direction of their energy on useful business. In last generations, from their point of view, teenagers worked more, therefore to keep them in hands it was easier, than now. During the modern mechanised epoch children often appear in a trouble of that at them it is too much free time. For this reason it is necessary to support more the civil (secular), school and church organisations providing the programs of rest for youth.
Some American authors for struggle against criminality of minors offer carrying out of certain system psychiatric and any to other help to young criminals, strengthening of care of children in àðåñòíûõ houses, any organisation of establishments, clubs, hospitals, etc. Many consider that with children's and youthful criminality it is possible faster and to struggle more economically by wide realisation of programs of education and rest for all children in national comprehensive schools. The great value in struggle against growth of criminality among minors, according to separate authors, has an employment of the young men who have left school.
The big possibilities in the prevention of criminality of minors many authors see at school. With that end in view they offer to spend a new sort of the discipline at schools, which essence consists in creating round teenagers disciplining conditions, to have on them the psychological influence, a sense of responsibility imparting by it for the acts. And, the new discipline, from their point of view, will be effective means only in the event that parents and teachers will hang together in carrying out of disciplinary influence on teenagers and at schools and at home.
As preventive maintenance against consumption of drugs separate authors offer hospitalisation of addicts and a strict compulsory sentence about jail placement without removal of action or conditional clearing on bail of the minor criminals recognised guilty of spread of drug addiction.
For struggle against children's and youthful criminality some authors suggest to limit or liquidate gamblings for children. From their point of view, the public opinion should raise the voice against owners of the brothels, secretly selling to teenagers spirits and various pornographic products. The maintenance of the considered book is that in general.